The literature identifies some techniques that have been successfully used by patients to either cope with active psychotic symptoms or prevent recurrence of particular symptoms.
- Avoidance: particularly avoiding behaviors and situations that have triggered symptoms in the past (e.g., use of alcohol, scary movies, chaotic work situations);
- Utilizing supportive others: connecting with non-judgmental supports including support groups;
- Taking medications as prescribed;
- Enacting cognitive strategies: these might be used in the face of symptoms to systematically reason through problematic thinking, its basis in reality, and possible alternative interpretations;
- Controlling the environment: this might be making a quiet space or being around others;
- Engaging spirituality: this might be a way to find non-judgmental supports, find peace, escape chaos;
- Focus on well-being including the importance of exercise, sleep, eating well; and
- Employment or continuing their education: this provides activity that is absorbing and distracting, gives a sense of purpose, and structure to the week.