People who have serious mental illness such as schizophrenia often have cognitive issues that can cause problems with social relationships, independent living skills, and employment. Common cognitive problems include difficulty paying attention, concentrating, planning ahead, solving problems, learning new things and remembering information and making daily decisions.
Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) has good empirical support and is designed to improve cognitive functioning through repeated practice of cognitive tasks and/or strategy training. Cognitive remediation involves the focused practice of thinking skill areas with the goal of improving weaknesses in these skills for people with mental illness. Problem areas in cognitive functioning may include difficulty with attention, concentration, memory, planning and organization, solving problems and slowed thinking speed. Attention affects the ability to focus on a task for any sustained period of time. Memory can impact acquisition, consolidation and retention of information and problem solving can affect reasoning, abstract thinking and planning.
Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) can assist with the following areas:
For more information on the effectiveness of CRT, read this Meta-analysis of Cognitive Remediation in Schizophrenia.
Resources to implement CRT: