Research has shown that the most effective treatment of the symptoms of mental illness involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. However, the choice to include medication as part of the treatment plan is frequently a difficult one because of multiple levels of complexity. Frequently medication is first suggested during times of crisis, and may even be forced on the individual. Many of the medications used to treat mental illness have unpleasant side effects which must be weighed against the benefits – which frequently don’t happen quickly, but over a period of weeks. Learning to use medication optimally as part of the treatment plan is part of the journey of recovery and has been described in an easy to understand way in The Journey to Use Medication Optimally to Support Recovery (Psychiatric Services, 2020).